400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL kitabından esinlenerek oluşturduğumuz dokuzuncu kelime listesinde “Memory” bölümü için aşağıdaki 10 kelime derlenmiştir:

  • 1- acquisition

acquisition (n): edinme, kazanç, kazanma
Language acquisition starts at a very young age.
acquire (v): kazanmak, edinmek, elde etmek

  • 2- anomaly

anomaly (n): anomali, anormallik, kuralsızlık
The reason for these conditions may be a rare climate anomaly that persisted for six years, new research indicates.

  • 3- consciously

consciously (adv): bilinçli olarak, kasten, bile bile
Anna consciously chose to ignore him.
consciousness (n): bilinç, şuur
conscious (adj): bilinçli, bilinciyle, farkında

  • 4- degrade

degrade (v): indirgemek, küçük düşürmek, indirmek, rütbesini indirmek
Pornography degrades women.
degradation (n): bozulma, azalma, indirgeme, alçalma, düşürme, indirme, rütbe indirme
degradable (adj): parçalanabilir

  • 5- gap

gap (n): boşluk, fark, aralık
Jack has a small gap between her front teeth.

  • 6- indisputable

indisputable (adj): tartışmasız, kesin, su götürmez, inkâr edilemez, şüphe edilmez
Michael Jordan is indisputably one of the finest basketball players ever.
indisputably (adv): tartışmasız bir şekilde, şüphesiz bir şekilde

  • 7- intervene

intervene (v): müdahele etmek, karışmak, araya girmek, arada olmak, aracılık etmek, nüfuzunu kullanmak
The Central Bank intervened in the currency markets today to try to stabilize the exchange rate.
intervention (n): müdahele etme, aracılık etme, araya girme, karışma, geçme, arada olma, nüfuzunu kullanma

  • 8- intuitively

intuitively (adv): sezgisel olarak
Tom’s wife knew intuitively that something dreadful had happened to him.
intuition (n): sezgi, önsezi, sezi
intuitive (adj): sezgisel, iç güdüsel

  • 9- recede

recede (v): vazgeçmek, çekilmek, gerilemek, geri çekilmek, geri gitmek, ortadan kaybolmak
After the age of 25, John’s hairline began to recede further back from his forehead.
recession (n): durgunluk, geri çekilme, gerileme, düşüş
recessive (adj): gerileyen, çekinik

  • 10- retrieve

retrieve (v): geri almak, kurtarmak, kavuşmak, telâfi etmek, avı bulup getirmek
Most dogs can be trained to retrieve objects that their owners have thrown.
retriever (n): av köpeği, avı bulup getiren köpek
retrievable (adj): geri alınabilir, düzeltilebilir, yeniden alınabilir, telâfisi mümkün

Yukarıdaki kelimelerle alakalı pratik bir test çözmek için:


1 / 10

1. The software was able to ______ the lost data from the damaged hard drive.

2 / 10

2. As the storm passed, the floodwaters began to ______, and the rescue team could reach the stranded residents.

3 / 10

3. He ______ knew that something was wrong, even though he couldn't explain why.

4 / 10

4. The police had to ______ when the protest started to become violent.

5 / 10

5. The fact that the Earth orbits around the sun is an ______ scientific truth.

6 / 10

6. The significant ______ in income between the richest and poorest citizens was a major concern.

7 / 10

7. Over time, plastic materials can ______ and release harmful chemicals into the environment.

8 / 10

8. She ______ chose to ignore the negative comments and focus on the positive feedback.

9 / 10

9. The unexpected result of the experiment was considered an ______ in the data.

10 / 10

10. The company's latest ______ of a small start-up will greatly expand its software capabilities.



The process of knowledge acquisition is a fascinating journey that involves both conscious and intuitive approaches. Consciously, we learn from direct instruction, reading, and experience. Intuitively, we gather knowledge from less tangible sources, like hunches or feelings that seem to come from nowhere.

However, the gap between these two types of learning can sometimes be significant. For example, an artist might intuitively know how to compose a beautiful scene but struggle to explain the process consciously. Likewise, a scientist might consciously understand a complex theory but find it challenging to grasp its implications intuitively.

Despite these differences, both forms of learning are invaluable and complement each other. One might even say it’s indisputable that we need both to gain a well-rounded understanding of the world.

Still, anomalies exist. Occasionally, consciously acquired knowledge can degrade over time if not regularly revisited or applied. In contrast, intuitive insights can recede into the background of our minds, becoming less accessible over time if not acknowledged or acted upon.

In such cases, it can be helpful to intervene in our learning process. This could mean taking steps to retrieve degraded knowledge, such as revising or reapplying it. For intuitive insights that seem to recede, spending time in reflective thought or meditation can help bring them back to the surface.

In summary, both conscious and intuitive learning contribute to our understanding and interpretation of the world around us. Recognizing and valuing both types can help us navigate life more effectively.

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