TOEFL 400

Food Crops | TOEFL 400 Kelime

Bizzat ELT uzmanları tarafından hazırlanmış olan 400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL kitabından faydalanılarak TOEFL kelimeleri için örnek bir çalışma hazırladık. Günlük 10 adet kelimeyi kategorize ederek çalışacağınız bu yöntemle 40 günlük bir sürede 400 kelimeyi kolayca öğreneceğinizi umuyoruz. “Food Crops” olarak adlandırılan ilk bölüm kitaptakine benzer bir formatta hazırlanmıştır.

1abandon
2adversely
3aggregate
4cultivation
5fertilize
6intensify
7irrigation
8obtain
9photosynthesis
10precipitation
Food Crops
  • 1- abandon (to leave, to give up)

abandon (v): vazgeçmek, bırakmak, terk etmek
you can’t just abandon your family.
abandonment (n): terk etme, terk, vazgeçme


  • 2- adversely (in a harmful way, negatively)

adversely (adv): olumsuz olarak, negatif şekilde
his self-confidence was adversely affected for years to come.
adversity (n): sıkıntı, zorluk, güçlük
adverse (adj): olumsuz, ters, aleyhte
İpucu: adversely’nin ardından yaygın olarak affect gelir.


  • 3- aggregate (Gathered into or amounting to a whole)

aggregate (adj): toplam, bütün, toplanmış, biriktirilmiş
Student loans make up almost 7 percent of the United States’ aggregate debt.
aggregate (v): toplamak, birleştirmek, bir etmek
aggregate (n): toplam, küme, kütle


  • 4- cultivation (Preparing the land to grow crops; improvement for agricultural purposes)

cultivation (n): ekim, yetiştirme, tarım, işleme
Only 12% of Japan’s land is suitable for cultivation.
cultivate (v): ekim yapmak, yetiştirmek, geliştirmek, işlemek, tarım yapmak


  • 5- fertilize (To supply nourishment for plants by adding helpful substances to the soil)

fertilize (v): gübrelemek
The soil was fertilized before planting.
fertilization (n): gübreleme
fertilizer (n): gübre


  • 6- intensify (To increase in power, to act with increased strength)

intensify (v): yoğunlaştırmak, pekiştirmek, şiddetlendirmek, kuvvetlendirmek
John’s long absence intensified his certainty that he should marry Emily.
intensification (n): yoğunlaştırma, kuvvetlendirme, şiddetlendirme, koyulaştırma
intense (adj): yoğun, şiddetli, kuvvetli, koyu


  • 7- irrigation (the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels.)

irrigation (n): sulama
The river supplies water for irrigation of agricultural crops.
irrigate (v): sulamak


  • 8- obtain (get, acquire, or secure (something).)

obtain(v): elde etmek, edinmek, sağlamak
After a series of difficult interviews, Tom finally was able to obtain the job.
obtainable (adj): elde edilebilir


  • 9- photosynthesis (the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.)

photosynthesis (n): fotosentez
Oxygen is a by-product of the process of photosynthesis.
photosynthesize (n): fotosentez yapmak


  • 10- precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the Earth’s surface.)

precipitation (n): yağış
Arid regions have low precipitation.

Yukarıdaki kelimeleri pekiştirmek adına aşağıdaki testi çözebilirsiniz:

Lesson 1 | Food Crops

abandoned - precipitation - cultivation - fertilize - photosynthesis

Complete each sentence by filling in the blank with the best word from the list.

This year we had the lowest rate in the last ten years.
There are areas that have been due to war.
Soilless agriculture can be done in areas that are not suitable for .
People may not realize how important it is to their plants.
Green plants produce their food through .

obtain

Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the opposite of the word.

intensify

Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the opposite of the word.

irrigation

Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the opposite of the word.

aggregate

Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the opposite of the word.

adversely

Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the opposite of the word.

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